An international team of researchers announced the discovery of the planet, code-named GJ 3512b. According to generally accepted modern scientific concepts, the existence of such a space object is simply impossible and calls into question the theory of the formation of planets in the solar system and beyond.
The discovery was made by astronomers of the Alto observatories (Sierra Nevada, USA), Montsec Astronomical (Spain) and Las Cumbres Observatory (California, USA). According to scientists, the gas giant of such mass, located 284 trillion kilometers from the Earth, “should not be in the orbit of its star” – the red dwarf is five times smaller than the Sun and 50 times less bright. For comparison, the mass of the Sun is about 333,000 times larger terrestrial, and the GJ 3512b weighs only 250-270 times less than its luminary.
“Around such stars There should be only planets the size of the Earth, or more massive super-earths,” one of the authors of the study, Christoph Mordasina, told the journalist.
The existence of a giant planet casts doubt on the scientific model of accretion used to explain how planets form in our galaxy. According to lead author Carlos Morales, low-mass stars such as red dwarfs must have low-mass protoplanetary disks with less material to form gas giants. The scientist is confident that the discovery proves the validity of the theory of gravitational instability in explaining the mechanism of formation of cosmic bodies.